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Physical Development

Involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to  develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be  helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy  choices in relation to food, hygiene, rest and activity. it is divided into two strands.

Moving and Handling

Health and self-care

Ideas for parents and carers

Developing gross motor skills

  • Children love to visit play parks where they can climb, swing, run and jump.
  • Where possible try to walk instead of travelling by car. If you can, walk to nursery rather than using a pushchair.
  • If you have an outdoor space or garden go outside whatever the weather to enjoy the fresh air.
  • Encourage your child to try to dress and undress themselves.
  • Encourage them to put on and do up their coat and shoes.
  • Teach them the importance of hygiene by expecting them to wash their hands before meals and after toileting.
  • Encourage child to become independent in toileting skills.
  • Whilst eating together talk about healthy foods and drinks and encourage a healthy diet.

Activities to promote fine motor skills and finger strength

  • Pick up and sort objects such as coins, cards and blocks.
  • Screw and unscrew objects such as nuts, bolts, jar lids.
  • Roll and work playdough
  • Helping with cooking activities, stirring chopping and rolling.
  • String beads on to laces.
  • Learn to use scissors, initially by snipping into the edge of paper or card and eventually cutting around a shape.  Old greetings cards are an ideal weight.