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Involves providing children with opportunities to expand and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems and to describe shapes, spaces and measure.  It is divided into two strands.


Shape, space and measure

Ideas for parents and carers

  • Encourage children to play games like ‘Hide and Seek’. This will give them the opportunity to practise saying numbers in sequence. Try up to 5,10 and then 20.
  • Sing rhymes together to practise counting forwards and backwards. 1,2,3,4,5 once I caught a fish alive, Ten Green Bottles, This Old Man etc.
  • Play dice games counting the number of moves along a track.
  • Explore numbers around the home, numerals on the remote control, microwave, telephones and computer keyboards.
  • Go on a number walk around the local area spotting numbers on signs, cars, doors and shops.
  • Enjoy cooking activities using a measuring jug and scales to weigh out ingredients.
  • Lay the table together either at dinner time or play situations. How many plates, cups, spoons are needed.
  • Build towers with bricks and talk about how tall the tower is and count how many bricks high it is.
  • Try making patterns with beads on string .
  • When children show an interest in counting objects, encourage them to count by moving objects from one container to another as they say the numbers in sequence.  Start with small amounts.
  • Practical mathematical activities help to embed concepts for young children and are more valuable than written sums.